Skip to main content

Located on the corner of Marine Drive and 3rd Street

Located on the corner of Marine Drive and 3rd Street

Girl20Glasses20Folded20Arms201280x480_preview1.jpeg
Home » Eye Care Services » Your Eye Health » Eye Conditions » Nearsighted (Myopia)

Nearsighted (Myopia)

Nearsightedness, technically known as myopia, is a condition which causes difficulty focusing on objects at a distance, while near vision remains normal. Myopia is one of the most common vision problems worldwide and it is on the rise.

Myopia Signs and Symptoms

People with myopia are usually able to see well up close, but have difficulty seeing objects at a distance. Due to the fact that they may be straining or squinting to see into the distance, they may develop headaches, eye fatigue or eye strain.

Myopia Causes

Myopia is a refractive error caused by an irregular shaped cornea that affects the way light is focused on the retina. For clear vision, light should come to a focus point directly onto the retina. In myopia, the cornea is longer than usual, resulting in a focus point that falls in front of the retina, causing distant objects to appear blurry, while close objects can be seen normally.

Myopia typically has a genetic component as it often appears in multiple members of a family and it usually begins to show signs during childhood, often getting progressively worse until stabilizing around age 20. There may also be environmental factors that contribute to myopia such as work that requires focusing on close objects for an extended period of time and spending too much time indoors.

Diagnosis of Myopia

Myopia is diagnosed by an eye examination with an qualified optometrist. During the exam the optometrist will determine the visual acuity of the eye to prescribe eye glasses or contact lenses. A prescription for myopia will be a negative number such as -1.75.

Treatment for Myopia

Myopia is typically treated with corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses and in certain cases refractive surgery such as LASIK or PRK is an option. Surgery is the most risky treatment as it requires permanently changing the shape of the cornea. Other treatments involve implanting a lens that reshapes the cornea called a phakic intra-ocular lens or vision therapy. A treatment called Ortho-k, in which the patient wears corneal reshaping contact lenses at night to see without correction during the day can be another option.

While some people require vision correction throughout the day, others may only need it only during certain tasks such as driving, watching television or viewing a whiteboard in school. The type of treatment depends on the overall health of your eye and your eye and vision needs.

NOTICE TO OUR PATIENTS

In response to the spread of the COVID-19 virus, we understand that your health is your main concern. To ensure safe visits to our office for our patients as well as a safe work environment for our staff, we have implemented heightened cleaning regimens.

We ask that:

If you have an appointment scheduled and have any of the symptoms of COVID-19 (fever, sore throat, cough, sneezing, difficulty breathing, and/or pneumonia in both lungs), or you have been in contact with anyone with those symptoms, please call us to reschedule.

When visiting our office, please help keep the environment as safe as possible for our other patients as we do have many elderly patients who are at increased risk should they contract the COVID-19 virus. You may do this by keeping your distance, washing/sanitizing your hands, and coughing/sneezing into your elbow.

We are committed to doing our part to stop the spread of this virus.

Thank you for your cooperation.